In The Loop April 2016
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As the EU in/out referendum campaign gathers pace we delve into the AA Journal archive for a piece on the EEC's inception. Following this is a confident and prescient article from 2001 by Adrian Duncan on the EU chart of 1993.
Finally Sharon Knight offers a fascinating analysis of the forthcoming 23rd June referendum and a prediction of its outcome.
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This month's articles
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This month's articles
Doubt has arisen as to the correct time for this. There is no question but that on the Continent it will be regarded unanimously as at 00.00 hours, 1 January, 1973, Central European Time, Brussels. But how should we regard it, continentally, or at 00.00 hours 1 January 1973, GMT, London? Undoubtedly we celebrated it with the New Year, yet it is also a fact that we joined them-they did not join us!
The AA contacted the Foreign Office who complicated matters still further by stating categorically that legally we could not be said to have joined until all the articles of accession had been deposited.
They thought it most unlikely that the articles of accession for the ECSC would have been deposited in Paris before 10 a.m. on 1 January,1973. They suggested we looked in the Times for details. Neither The Times nor the EEC Information Office yielded results so we wrote to the UK delegation to EEC in Brussels. The relevant extract from their reply says:
"I am not myself able to give you a definitive answer to the interesting question you have raised. So far as I know, there is no simple answer and, in the end, I suppose the matter would have to be resolved in the courts, if it became necessary to do so in a particular case. You may find it useful to have the enclosed 'unattributable' background brief which we prepared for the press here to describe the formalities connected with l January. All I can add is that I believe that, according to normal treaty principles, the ratification of the Treaty of Accession and accession to the European Coal and Steel Community Treaty would be regarded as having taken effect at the first moment of 1 January regardless of the time at which the acts were themselves carried out."
A very brief summary of the "unattributable background brief" is as follows:
LEGAL STEPS CONNECTED WITH UK ACCESSION
1. Ratification of the Treaty of Accession
(a) The treaty of accession was signed on 22 January, 1972, subject to ratification.
(b) The UK and Danish instruments of ratification were deposited in Rome on 18 October, 1972.
(c) The Treaty of Accession will enter into force according to its provisions, i.e. on 1 January, 1973
2. Accession to the Treaty.
(a) The terms and conditions were laid down on 22 January, 1972.
(b) The ECSC Treaty accession takes effect when the instruments of accession are received by the French Government, i.e. on 1 January, 1973, Paris. Entry of UK and Denmark into EEC, 00.00 CET, 1 January, 1973, Brussels.
Other relevant charts are:
Coronation Chart William I, Christmas Day, 1066, London, true noon.
Union of Great Britain and Ireland, 00.00, 1 January, 1801, London.
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 15.28 GMT,7 December, 1922, London.
Queen Elizabeth II, 01.40 GMT, 21 April, 1926, London.
Edward Heath, 22.55 GMT, 9 July, 1916, Broadstairs, Kent.
Treaty of Rome, 18.36 LT, 25 March, 1957, Rome.
Treaty of Brussels, 16.40 LT, 22 January, 1972, Brussels.
James Russell, in a continuation of his article "United Kingdom and the EEC" (Astrological Journal, Autumn 1971), makes the following remarks:
"In the UK the constitutional position is that Treaties are negotiated and signed on behalf of the Crown and do not require Parliamentary ratification. The subsequent Act of Parliament, in this case, had for its object to harmonise our laws with those of the EEC as required by the Treaty of Brussels. If our Government had been unsuccessful in carrying the Treaty into effect, then the Treaty would have had to be abandoned or re-negotiated. For these reasons, the chart for the Treaty of Brussels (22.1.72) is the key one for our entry into the EEC. All the subsequent steps are already envisaged and as required by the Treaty including formal entry on 1 January, 1973. The political history of mankind is a continuous story and it is not feasible to say that a milestone is a new birth.
"Mundane astrology preceded natal astrology and is still conducted on traditional lines with reasonable success. The traditional assignment of houses where, for example, the first represents the people, the seventh foreign affairs and the tenth the government gives quite good results. Ancient astrologers, of course, had to beware of the personal perils of giving bad advice to the great and powerful and thus had a very strong incentive to read their charts correctly! In the same way, attendants of great people (e.g. Queen Elizabeth I) kept away from them in serious illness lest they be accused of witchcraft or poisoning."
Allen Grocott is convinced that the legal time of entry is 00.00 CET Brussels, the administrative capital of the community. The inauguration of this final event was of course the Treaty of Rome signed 25 March, 1957 and effective from 1 January, 1958, while the Treaty of British accession dates from 22 January, 1972. He continues:
"The most useful chart for the Common Market activities has been the Treaty of Rome and I think it will remain of paramount importance in the affairs of the expanded European Community. Its secondary progressions show the traditionally legislative 11th cusp conjunct Pluto and progressed Sun and descendant conjunct Venus conjunct ascendant of our 1066 chart. When the 11th moves into Virgo in 1975 perhaps Norway will have decided to join. In 1978 when the progressed MC moves into Leo the Community may assume a new authority, perhaps acting as an integrated European unit in world affairs. 1981 is especially emphasised by progressed MC conjoining Uranus, progressed Sun trining Pluto and progressed Venus entering Taurus. It does not look too propitiously peaceful, but by that time the EEC should have well consolidated its position and be able to deal with its own affairs successfully. In 1985 the ascendant progresses into Scorpio...
"Turning to the chart of entry (1.1.73) Saturn is the only planet above the horizon indicating perhaps a certain authoritative restriction, especially in legal and financial matters as it opposes Venus rather closely, ruler of 2nd and 9th. However, Uranus on the 2nd sextile Mercury perhaps implies a sounder European financial situation with perhaps a new monetary system. This however is of a very different nature from the vigorous Moon-Mars conjunction in Sagittarius in the 3rd and expansion on the home front shown by Sun conjunct Jupiter in the 4th."
George Smethurst, like James Russell, and unlike Allen Grocott, is of the opinion that for the impact of the change on this country we should use the New Year chart for London. He points out that the ascendant, MC and Sun position are virtually the same as the 1801 chart. Now, however, Pluto is applying to the ascendant, through which symbolism we may assume that what has been going on in the depths is now made manifest.
"The old order changeth, yielding place to new."
Our outer image, that which the world at large sees and notes, is undergoing a radical change. Inasmuch as the ascendant-ruler is opposed by Saturn, ruler of the 4th house this new image is not likely to appeal to everyone abroad or at home. However, the Sun is applying to the conjunction of Jupiter which is increasingly hopeful and important as dispositor of five planets in Sagittarius. One can scarcely doubt that religious and legal matters will be to the fore. Whichever way one views it there are three particular groups of forces at work, namely (a) Sun, Jupiter, Capricorn, 4th, (b) five bodies in Sagittarius partially opposed by an elevated Saturn and (c) change in depth by Plutonic action.
~ Reproduced from the AA Journal 1973 Vol. 15.02
One of the most significant historical developments in the last century was the formation of the European Union. Throughout the last two millennia the countries of Europe fought bitter and bloody struggles in attempts to gain dominance, with vast world power blocks based on the empires of England, Portugal, Spain and France, culminating in the ascendancy of a unified Germany in the late 19th century.
The devastation caused by German nationalism in particular resulted in a deep-seated urge to solve the problems of the nations of Europe. Initially this started as the simple economic union between the Benelux countries, France, Italy and Germany on I January 1958, but it culminated in the formation of the actual European Union on I November 1993 at 0.00 hrs in Brussels. It was at this time that the expression 'European Union' became official.
This is a most extraordinary horoscope, depicting an organisation that not only can match the powers of the USA, China, and Russia, but can come to be the dominating factor in world development for centuries to come.
First of all, it was formed within only one week of the last of three Uranus-Neptune conjunctions, cementing for the next two centuries the significance of this 172-year cycle for political development. With the conjunction taking place in Capricorn - it was also in Capricorn in 1821 - the major theme of this synod was the dissolution and revolutionary change of established political organisations, notably in this case the total break-up of the Soviet Union and the birth of a so-called 'New World Order'. Major planetary cycles of this nature bring the end of an era and the beginning of a new. Thus it was no accident that the expression 'New World Order' came into currency at this time.
However, it is when something new is formed or founded that there is truly lasting significance, and the creation of the EU, after the Maastricht negotiations of 1992, enshrined in its horoscope the principles of vision and renewal in a European state. However this state is run, this vision will inform its actions: to create a democratic and caring union of states that share the same ideals. So much for the dream. Getting back to reality, the economic values of the EU are shown quite clearly by the exalted position of the Moon, strong in Taurus and in the 10th House. Plenty of beef mountains and milk rivers here. The materialism shown by this position of the Moon cannot be ascribed to the politicians assembled in Brussels (who are represented by the Venus-Jupiter conjunction in the 3rd house).
No, the people who put those politicians there - that's us - sent them there to ensure that our material comforts are not threatened. We want our supermarkets to be full, our loans to be cheap, our incomes to increase. And as a general rule the EU will make this happen, because the chart is so powerful. Apart from the exalted Moon, the planets Mars, Venus and Saturn are strong in their own signs, which is very unusual. The elevated position of the Moon shows that in the last analysis the EU is a democratic institution, answerable to the people, who secretly will fight to the last breath to secure their material comforts. Because this chart-although it has vision and humanity-is also brutal.
Formed on the very day Mars conjoined Pluto, in the sign which both rule, there is absolutely immense power at the disposal of the EU. Bearing in mind that this conjunction opposes the Moon, it is hardly any wonder that when threatened with foot and mouth disease, for example, the EU chooses the most brutal option... slaughter. Other options like vaccination are resisted because this would prevent export of animals. Even though foot and mouth is in theory not deadly to livestock, the mountains of sheep, pigs and cattle burning in the British countryside in the months of March and April 2001-as Saturn conjoined that Moon and opposed Mars-Pluto-the plumes of black smoke, the distraught farmers, the suffering animals... all are offered on the altar of ruthless economic principle. It is in the mind-set of the EU that such uncompromising action is for the good of all, but this is not so. If this were the horoscope of a person, then that person would be seen as dictatorial and unfeeling, totally governed by deep-seated anxiety about economic loss. The person cannot see beyond his own wallet. Therefore, citizens of the new proud state of Europe, take care! You are in the driving seat of an organisation whose fixation on material security can be life-threatening. Europe needs long-term therapy, but at the same time is resistant to it.
The stellium in Scorpio and the 4th house shows the seat of the EU in the monolithic headquarters in Brussels. This is where the invisible power brokers sit, and though Mars is dignified in Scorpio, the conjunction with retrograde Mercury shows secretive decision-making and power-hungry officials, who are both paranoid about losing influence and dictatorial in wielding it. If the EU seems soft on the outside, there can be no doubt that it is like a samurai on the inside. It may be monolithic, but when it actually makes a move it will crush whatever is in its path.
The secretiveness and power are in the nature of the organisation itself... those kind and idealistic politicians who represent our countries are, generally speaking, a fine bunch of people, working hard and optimistically to achieve functional compromises. This is clearly shown by the Venus-Jupiter conjunction in Libra and the 3rd House. As ruler of the 10th, Venus is the decision-maker, and its position in the third shows all those MEPs travelling to Brussels, talking amongst themselves, and having a fine time socially. They do a good job, and have the capacity to accept the disruption of their daily lives indicated by the square to Uranus-Neptune.
And the trine to Saturn in Aquarius in the 7th indicates accomplished diplomacy in dealing with other world organisations. It's a wonderfully dignified process, combining friendliness and formality. The strong 7th house Saturn shows a worthy opposition, whether it be from Russia, Asia or the United States. With Saturn also almost exactly squaring the uncompromising Mars-Pluto opposition to the Moon, then every drop of diplomatic juice needs to be squeezed from Venus. Saturn in Aquarius is the voice of reasonableness, whilst Mars-Pluto to the Moon is the voice of self-interest.
As a result, there will be many deadlocks in dealing with other economic organisations. And when you read about these deadlocks in European newspapers, you will almost certainly get a story manipulated (by Mercury in Scorpio) for European consumption. If we hear about the intransigence of other economic blocks, it is almost certain that it is Europe itself that is intransigent.
With Europe sitting pretty on its mountain of resources (though this mountain has a volcano churning deep at its root), it is fairly natural that a lot of people want to join the party. Whilst right wing European politicians - motivated by the politics of greed - bitterly complain about economic migrants, the Uranus-Neptune conjunction precisely on the 6th house cusp shows how necessary they are to keep the wheels of the machine turning. This conjunction square Venus shows a porous labour market, with exotic foreigners seeping across the borders by land, air and particularly by sea-much to the consternation of the good MEPs. Yet the trine of the Moon to Uranus-Neptune shows the benefit foreign workers bring, not just materially, but also spiritually and culturally.
So this is our superstate of the next millennium. It is powerful, sometimes fearsome, and it is secure, sometimes kind. It encapsulates the democratic vision of the age. The pillars holding up this temple of materialism are subject to the occasional earthquake-especially in 2001 with the t-square so powerfully activated by Uranus. We can expert dramatic economic fallout from the recession that is growing in strength and will shake the US to its foundations. Fortunately the Saturn-Pluto-Node oppositions of 2001 to 2002 do not hit the EU as hard as they do the US, so the Euro will probably get comparatively stronger, but the repercussions for telecoms in particular-will be global, with Nokia, Siemens and Eriksson continuing to suffer for at least a couple of years. Whilst economic experts predict a resurgence of the economy, those in the know should batten down the hatches, sell their technology shares if they still have value, or sit it out for the long term. The secret of success is to expect a turnaround after 2003, not before. The shadow side of the EU is its dictatorial and secretive nature, which predisposes it to corruption.
There will be a shattering example of this when Neptune conjoins the t-square in 2008 and 2009, precipitating another economic crisis. It is at this time that the progressed Sun conjoins the Mars-Pluto conjunction, and this will foreshadow major world political change on many other fronts too. This is a time of European upheaval. With Europe here to stay, however, it is important to be conscious of its shadow side. Ultimately the influence of Scorpio is to transform materialism, and to seek deeper values, and it is up to the individual to fight power misuse and create the circumstances for transformation.
~ Adrian Duncan 17.04.2001
EU chart source: Campion, N, THE BOOK OF WORLD HOROSCOPES
Adrian Duncan was editor of the Journal from 1997 to 2000
Anyone buying a paper or watching news television could be forgiven for thinking only two items dominate the world, one: Will Donald Trump and his hair become the next President of America and two: will the UK stay in, or leave the EU?
I believe several years ago, Bernadette Brady predicted the White House would remain in the hands of the Democrats. Unfortunately there is not a recorded birth time for Hillary Clinton. She was born on the 26th October 1947 and Donald Trump on the 14th June 1946. Maybe someone would like to write an article on the likely contender for the Summer issue?
Closer to home and nearer at hand is the Brexit issue. The Referendum has been set for the 23rd June 2016. The polls open at 7.am BST and close at 22.00BST. Some people look at the closing chart and others, the opening of polls. With this referendum, firstly we need to look at the Aries Ingress for the country. This has a fixed sign on the Ascendant, so traditionally the chart stands good for the whole year.
Not only is the Referendum being held just two days after the Summer Solstice, but Mars is slowing down prior to turning direct on the 30th June and is on the same degree as when the Referendum was announced on the 20th February 2016 (23 Scorpio). Also, Jupiter having turned direct in May, has arrived back at the degree he occupied of the Aries Ingress. (16 Virgo).
The Lord of the Year of the Aries Ingress is Saturn. Saturn rules the Ascendant, is conjunct the MC and is in Triplicity. He is sextile the Ascendant and in square with Jupiter his dispositor. He is the strongest planet in the chart. Saturn indicates those in authority and the middle and upper classes (should there be such a thing today)! He can also indicate government ministers. Bonatti says when Saturn is in Sagittarius, with Northern latitude, it signifies a multitude of strong waters and the coldness of winter. When Saturn is oriental, it signifies the nearness of the wealthy from their regions. One other thing to note is the presence of Mars very close to the MC (and Saturn). This could indicate rebellion, contention and strife throughout the year.
The Moon representing the common people, is located in the fixed sign of Leo, the sign of royalty or sovereignty. This year our Queen reaches her 90th birthday, so there is a lot of focus on Royalty. Leo is on the 7th house cusp. The Moon is void of course. The common people are in the hands of ministers (Sun)and rulers. The 7th is also the house of known or open enemies. In this case, it doesn't have to be those across the seas!
Jupiter, dispositor of Saturn, Mars, Venus and Mercury is in the 8th sign of others assets, in a sign/house where he is ineffective. He is not only in detriment, but also retrograde. By the time of the Referendum, he (whoever Jupiter represents) is having to go back on many promises made regarding status and finances. The Government itself may be in rebellion or certainly divided.
Mercury ruler of the 4th house of land, heritage, the end of the matter, as well as the 8th sign of others assets, the dead, inheritance, is in both detriment and fall; he is drowning in a sea of debt. It may be someone blows the whistle on how much debt is really involved both in the UK and in the EU. Mercury is also close to the fixed star Scheat - Robson says of this star when Mercury is with it: "Many accidents, narrow escapes especially by water, enemies, trouble through writing, bad for domestic affairs".
To briefly sum up the Ingress chart of 2016: it seems there will be open rebellion by both the common people and those in charge. Promises made earlier in the year will be broken. There is likely to be discord over finances, both those of the people and partners with whom the country is engaged. The coming winter will be very cold.
I then compared the Ingress chart with the 1801 unification chart, the chart for when we joined the EU (it was then purely about free trade across the borders) and finally the chart for opening of the polls at 7am BST 23rd June 2016. I immediately noticed in the quadri-wheel the following connections: Saturn of the Ingress chart is conjunct the Venus of the EU joining chart and conjunct Mercury of the 1801, as well as being in opposition to Saturn of the EU joining chart and Mercury of the Referendum chart. These are all at 16 degrees of the mutables. The other noticeable aspect was the Moon of the Ingress chart conjunct Saturn of the 1801 chart.
I feel the Venus is worth considering as she rules the Ascendant of the 1801 chart (naturally given the time and date for the inception charts). She falls in the 1st house of the Ingress chart, indicating women may have the casting vote. Venus in the 1801 chart, trines the following - Mercury of the referendum chart, Saturn of the EU joining chart and sextiles mercury (1801) Venus (joining EU) and Saturn of the Ingress chart.
In the 2016 Ingress chart Venus is exalted but not in hayz. She rises before the sun and can be seen in the pre-dawn sky. It was said of Venus in this position she took on the mantle of the warrior Queen. This is not a Venus to mess with.
So what do I think the outcome of the referendum will be using astrological deductions? I think there will be a last ditch effort by the Government and Brussels to cause a distraction and instil fear in the common people that to leave, would be suicide. But I think "others" in the middle ground will see through the smoke and mirrors and elect to leave to preserve Sovereignty, laws of the land and finances. Saturn representing those in authority but not controlling the country. The Mars conjunct the MC indicates rebellion from overseas and possibly from the Forces. And the women, they will be the ones to sway the vote.
My thanks to Steven Birchfield for pointing out the following: the lunation preceding the Cancer Ingress prior to the Referendum has the lights at 29033 Sagittarius/Gemini. This chart screams "CHANGE"! Lunation in the last degree of Sagittarius (which is Midheaven of the Ingress chart). The ruler of the ascendant in the 10th and ruling the 10th. Lord of the 7th (foreign trading powers) being overcome in the ascendant. The Sun (the king) in the 10th but about to change.
I predict we will leave the EU.
In closing I will make one more point, the Full Moon on the 14th November is at nearly 23 Taurus/Scorpio, the degree of Mars in the referendum chart. Mars on the 14th November, is at 4 Aquarius, within orb of the Moon of the referendum chart (5 Aquarius). Saturn is at 15.50 Sagittarius, picking up the previously mentioned planets (see below) and Jupiter at 14 Libra is conjunct the 1801 South Node. I wouldn't be surprised if there is an uprising/violence by the common people and the Government may be in a position of a vote of No Confidence. A gloomy thought.
We are in a for cold winter, be prepared!
My thanks as always to my Guru, Steven Birchfield for generously sharing his knowledge and time for discussion.
The charts I used were 1801 UK chart Westminster 1.1.1801 at 00.00
Date UK joined the EU 1.1.1973 Westminster at 00.00
Aries Ingress 20.3.2016 Greenwich 04.31
EU Referendum 23rd June 2016 7am BST
I came across a good website on the cycles of history that may be a good research tool for those investigating mundane astrology: cyclesofhistory.com
Sharon Knight is Chair of the Association of Professional Astrologers International
Whilst on the subject of Mundane Astrology, the latest Andre Barbault book is now published. It follows on from his wonderful The Value of Astrology This new book has a wealth of information and for any serious astrologer is a must-have.
 Bonatti on Mundane Astrology. ISBN 13:978-1-934586-10-5. Pg 928 Trans Ben Dykes. Ben notes this phrase could be taken as the wealthy will remain close to home.
 Vivian E Robson Fixed Stars & Constellations in Astrology. ISBN 0-87728-611-6. Pg206.
 ISBN 978-0-9502658-8-9 available to buy from the Astrological Association shop